1x1 Rib stitch

Learn how to work in 1x1 rib stitch in this simple tutorial.

Facts & handy tips

Ribbing is perfect when you need a stretchy fabric – like at necklines and cuffs. 1 x 1 rib stitch is the most commonly used form of rib, so that's what we've featured here. Tip! 1x1 rib works best when you combine it with the long-tail cast on technique (rather than cable cast on). If you're new to knit and purl and lose track of which stitch to do next, here's a handy tip: check what stitch is coming up. If it looks like a 'v', then you should do the knit stitch. If it looks like a dash, then you should do a purl stitch.

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Step By Step

1 1x1 rib stitch


The 1x1 rib stitch is a series of knit and purls, matched row for row.

To work 1x1 rib stitch over an even number of stitches, start with one knit stitch.

2 1x1 rib stitch


What you do next, is bring the yarn between the needles to the front. This prepares you for the next purl stitch.

3 1x1 rib stitch


Now purl one stitch (we have separate video tutorials for the purl stitch if you're unsure how to do this, use our search box to find it).

9 1x1 rib stitch


As you'll be alternating between a knit and a purl stitch, now bring the yarn between the needles to the back and knit one stitch.

Keep alternating between one knit and one purl until you have worked all stitches on your needle.

5 1x1 rib stitch


You have now done one row of 1x1 rib stitch, congrats!

Now onto the next row.

6 1x1 rib stitch


Now when you're working your next row, it's important to make sure that you knit a stitch, if that stitch on the last row, was also a knit stitch.

To tell what stitch to knit next, look at the fabric. If the next stitch is a ‘v’, it should be knitted. If the next stitch is a horizontal bump, it should be purled.

14 1x1 rib stitch


If you’re working across an uneven number of stitches, then on row one knit one stitch. Then bring your yarn between your needles and purl one stitch.

Bring the yarn back behind your needles and knit one stitch. Continue until you've worked all stitches. Then on your next row, you start with a purl stitch.

This is how you do it

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